The size of Kefalonia island is about 781 km2 (300 mi2), and the present population density is 55 people per km2 (140/mi2).
The town of Argostoli has one-third of the island’s inhabitants.
Lixouri is the second major settlement, and the two towns together account for almost two-thirds of the prefecture’s population.
Tourism to Kefalonia started in the early 19th century, also the Royal Family of Greece sent their children in the summer months to Lixouri. But the island for a long time was not discovered by mass tourism until the 1980s.
Tourists from all over Greece, Europe and the world visit Cephalonia. It is a popular vacation destination for many Italians, due to its close proximity to Italy. As one of the largest islands in Greece, it is well-equipped to handle the influx of tourists during the summertime, it has something to offer everyone.
Two natural attractions, Melissani’s underground lake and Myrtos beach, have helped popularize Cephalonia. The film, Captain Corelli’s Mandolin (2001), shot on the island itself, made Kefalonia more widely known.